• Immobilisation of fractures and dislocations with an appropriate splint to reduce pain and further damage to surrounding structures.

Rigid Splinting

  • This formable splint is made of foam covered aluminium and can be shaped to support most long bone fractures. Whilst it is flexible when flat, by changing its shape to a channel (C-Curve), it becomes rigid and supportive. It is easy to apply in various situations, the basics of which will be covered in this instruction. It can be cut down to any desired length.
 Patient Factors & Considerations
  • Adjust bandages if circulation is compromised.
  • Consider mechanism of injury and spinal.
  • Consider using a pillow to apply additional support to the injured limb.
  • Immobilise dislocated joints in position found.
  • Transport gently.


  • Dress open fractures and wounds.
  • Assess distal neurovascular observations:
    • Pulse & Capillary Refill
    • Colour
    • Warmth
    • Movement
    • Sensation
  • Pad natural hollows, deformities and bony prominences to maintain normal alignment.
  • Apply broad bandages or similar around the limb securing above and below injury site.
  • Tie off over unaffected limb.
  • Re-assess distal neurovascular observations.


  • All relevant infection control methods to be utilised.
  • Prepare equipment required:
    • Broad bandages
    • Gauze
    • Formable splint (if required, for rigid splinting)
    • Triangular bandage (if required, for slinging and/or soft splinting)
    • Pillow (if required, for soft splinting)
    • Tape or safety pin
  • Explain the procedure to the patient.
  • Consider appropriate analgesia.
  • Carefully cut away any clothing on the affected limb and remove gloves/footwear.

Triangular Bandage Sling

  • Place the point of the triangular bandage behind the injured elbow (1) and one end over the uninjured shoulder.
  • Slip the other end of the bandage under the arm and over the shoulder (2), cradling the arm.
  • Tie the ends of the bandage behind the neck. Fasten the edge of the bandage, near the elbow, with a safety pin, tape or knot (3).

Soft Splinting

  • Follow preparation and principles as listed above.
  • Mould pillow carefully around the foot and ankle allowing access to the toes and pedal pulse.
  • Secure pillow with bandages in a position of comfort.
  • Elevate the injured limb.
  • Re-assess distal neurovascular observations.
Fractures - Softsplint

Rigid Splinting

  • Follow preparation and principles as listed above.
  • Unpack the splint, flattening it out.
  • Measure up and create the required curvature against the uninjured limb (where possible).
  • Maintain support and gentle traction of injured limb when placing splint underneath.
  • Apply broad bandages or similar around the limb securing above and below injury site.
  • Elevate the injured limb.
  • Re-assess distal neurovascular observations.

Volar Wrist or Radius/Ulna fracture

Fractures - RadiusUlna

Ankle Stirrup

Fractures - Ankle Stirrup1

Fractures - Ankle Stirrup2

Fractures - Ankle Stirrup3

Long Leg

Fractures - Longleg1

Fractures - Longleg2

Fractures - Longleg3

Additional Information
Additional information

Extended Care:
Colour assist:


Document Control

Clinical Services

Responsible Manager
Head of Clinical Services


Published Date

Review Date

Clinical Resources Website

St John Ambulance Western Australia Ltd (ABN 55 028 468 715) (St John WA) operates ambulance and other pre-hospital clinical services. St John WA’s Clinical Resources, including its Clinical Practice Guidelines (Clinical Resources), are intended for use by credentialed St John WA staff and volunteers when providing clinical care to patients for or on behalf of St John WA, within the St John WA Clinical Governance Framework, and only to the extent of the clinician’s authority to practice.

Other users – Terms of Use

The content of the St John WA Clinical Resources is provided for information purposes only and is not intended to serve as health, medical or treatment advice. Any user of this website agrees to be bound by these Terms of Use in their use of the Clinical Resources.

St John WA does not represent or warrant (whether express, implied, statutory, or otherwise) that the content of the Clinical Resources is accurate, reliable, up-to-date, complete or that the information contained is suitable for your needs or for any particular purpose. You are responsible for assessing whether the information is accurate, reliable, up-to-date, authentic, relevant, or complete and where appropriate, seek independent professional advice.

St John WA expressly prohibits use of these Clinical Resources to guide clinical care of patients by organisations external to St John WA, except where these organisations have been directly engaged by St John WA to provide services. Any use of the Clinical Resources, with St John WA approval, must attribute St John WA as the creator of the Clinical Resources and include the copyright notice and (where reasonably practicable) provide a URL/hyperlink to the St John WA Clinical Resources website. 

No permission or licence is granted to reproduce, make commercial use of, adapt, modify or create derivative works from these Clinical Resources. For permissions beyond the scope of these Terms of Use, including a commercial licence, please contact medservices@stjohnambulance.com.au

Where links are provided to resources on external websites, St John WA:

  • Gives no assurances about the quality, accuracy or relevance of material on any linked site;
  • Accepts no legal responsibility regarding the accuracy and reliability of external material; and
  • Does not endorse any material, associated organisation, product or service on other sites.

Your use of any external website is governed by the terms of that website, including any authorisation, requirement or licence for use of the material on that website.

To the maximum extent permitted by law, St John WA excludes liability (including liability in negligence) for any direct, special, indirect, incidental, consequential, punitive, exemplary or other loss, cost, damage or expense arising out of, or in connection with, use or reliance on the Clinical Resources (including without limitation any interference with or damage to a user’s computer, device, software or data occurring in connection with such use).


Please read this cookie policy carefully before using Clinical Resources from St John WA.

The cookies used on this site are small and completely anonymous pieces of information and are stored on your computer or mobile device. The data that the cookies contain identify your user preferences (such as your preferred text size, scope / skill level preference and Colour Assist mode, among other user settings) so that they can be recalled the next time that you visit a page within Clinical Resources. These cookies are necessary to offer you the best and most efficient possible experience when accessing and navigating through our website and using its features. These cookies do not collect or send analytical information back to St John WA.

Clinical Resources does integrate with Google Analytics and any cookies associated with this service enable us (and third-party services) to collect aggregated data for statistical purposes on how our visitors use this website. These cookies do not contain personal information such as names and email addresses and are used to help us improve your user experience of the website.

If you want to restrict or block the cookies that are set by our website, you can do so through your browser setting. Alternatively, you can visit www.internetcookies.com, which contains comprehensive information on how to do this on a wide variety of browsers and devices. You will find general information about cookies and details on how to delete cookies from your device. If you have any questions about this policy or our use of cookies, please contact us.

St John Ambulance Western Australia Ltd © Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved

Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Copyright Statement & Disclaimer