Cophenylcaine presents as a 50ml bottle of clear medication (approximately 500 sprays). Each spray contains 5mg Lignocaine and 0.5mg Phenylephrine.
Lignocaine is a local anaesthetic and phenylephrine is a sympathomimetic agent.
Lignocaine stabilises the neuronal membrane and prevents initiation and transmission of nerve impulses, thereby effecting local anaesthetic action.
Phenylephrine has direct effects on the alpha adrenoceptors. It constricts the blood vessels locally, which can decrease the systemic absorption of lignocaine and restrict bleeding.
Uses within SJA
Local pain caused by abrasions, small cuts and wounds, relief of mild and moderate epistaxis, post tonsillectomy haemorrhage and intra-oral haemorrhage.
Onset of action is rapid (one to five minutes) and may last for up to one hour. Absorption: Through the nasal and oral mucous membranes and skin when applied topically.
The liver is the chief site of biotransformation (chemical modification) yet the lignocaine component of cophenylcaine is dispersed through interstitial fluid and across neuronal membranes by lipid diffusion.
In the liver
Both free and conjugated forms of the drug are excreted in the urine.
Rarely causes tremor or palpitations, nervousness, nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, dizziness, numbness or disorientation may occur due to rapid absorption of Lignocaine.
The most commonly noted side effect is a transient bitter taste in the mouth lasting onto two minutes.
Duration of Action
Onset of action is rapid and drug effects may last from 60 to 90 minutes.
Propranolol or cimetidine may reduce the clearance of lignocaine.
St John WA