A group of blood disorders affecting the production of Red Blood Cells (RBC) and Haemoglobin. These are essential for the transportation of oxygen around the body. Anaemia is the term for the reduction of RBC and haemoglobin in the body. Thalassaemia is an inherited disorder.

The symptoms of thalassaemia include;

  • jaundice and pale skin
  • drowsiness and fatigue
  • chest pain
  • cold hands and feet
  • shortness of breath
  • leg cramps
  • rapid heart beat
  • poor feeding
  • delayed growth
  • headaches
  • dizziness and faintness
  • greater susceptibility to infections

In cases of severe thalassaemia blood transfusions are required every 3 to 4 weeks. Less severe cases of thalassaemia may require occasional blood transfusions.

If left untreated, thalassaemia may lead to widespread organ failure.

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