Progressive decline of cognitive abilities over months to years.

Common features include:

  • Memory loss
  • Cognitive disturbances
  • Mobility issues

Tips for management:

  • Promote trusting and supportive relationship
  • If patient becomes aggressive, try to remove trigger from environment
  • Minimise disruptions and attempt to keep in familiar situations
  • Explain and pre-warn patient before doing anything
  • Keep questions simple and identify with emotions or actions
  • Ensure patients needs are met
  • Ensure patient remains with a supportive and caring person

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